Record Details

NHER Number:5169
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Bronze Age hoard and prehistoric, Roman, medieval and post-medieval objects

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal detecting has recovered a variety of finds dating from the Mesolithic to the post medieval period including many Late Bronze Age copper alloy items and metal working waste from a metalworker's hoard. Excavation of the area around the hoard suggests the items were placed carefully in a structured deposit.

Images

  • Late Bronze Age chisel from NHER 5169  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TL69SE
Parish:FELTWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1951 to 1956. Stray Find.
Several objects were recovered by the late Frank Curtis in the eastern half of this field (which was once two seperate fields), which he designated F111. The information on these finds was collated by F. Healy (NAU) who examined Curtis' catalogue and part of his collection. The following Curtis finds are listed in (S1) and (S2) are as follows:
1 Mesolithic 'microlith'.
1 Neolithic polished stone axe (Coll. No. 3). Fragment of cutting edge. Found at TL 6995 9248. See copy of illustration in file (S3), which also notes that the axe was probably Cornish edipiorite. Previously recorded as NHER 5177.
1 fabricator.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 October 2013.

1964.
Found by [1] at TL 6967 9251:
1 Neolithic leaf shaped arrowhead. Windmill Hill type. Information from (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 October 2013.

1985. Fenland fieldwalking.
Flints, Iron Age, medieval, Roman, and undated pot, pot boilers.
For full details of wares, flint types etc see (S5).

1992. Metal detecting.
Late Bronze Age possible hoard (S6 and S7), Roman brooch and pottery, Bronze Age copper alloy cakes (S8, S9, and S10), Middle Bronze Age palstave (S11) and Late Bronze Age axes (S12, S13, S14 and S15) found.

1993. Metal detecting.
Roman brooch

1993. Metal detecting
Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment fresh from chalk, (S16).
Late Bronze Age chisel (S17), socketed axe, knife (S18), gouge (S19), awl. (S20)

1995. Metal detecting.
Roman brooch.
For full details of all finds see file.
E. Rose (NLA), 14 December 1995.

March 1994. Metal detecting. Context 6.
Roman brooch fragment 10m west of Late Bronze Age hoard area.
W. Milligan (NCM), 10 March 1994.

May 1995. Metal detecting.
Middle Bronze Age blade fragment from palstave?, (S21).

Before 4 April 2000. Metal detecting.
Late Bronze Age gouge and knife or miniature dirk.
Flint scraper.
Found near context 6.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 December 2000.

12 April 2000. Field observation.
Neolithic scraper.
See P. A. Robins' (NAU) description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 November 2000.

12 May 2005.
1st century AD plate brooch.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 20 June 2005.

Before 7 February 2007. Metal detection.
Fragment of Late Bronze Age socketed axe (S22) (found some distance from 1992 hoard) and medieval weight.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 April 2007.

22 September 2011. Metal-detecting.
Part of a late Bronze Age socketed chisel (S23).
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 5 January 2012.

Monument Types

  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • (Undated)
  • POT (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Undated)
  • FABRICATOR (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BURIN (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • CHISEL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PALSTAVE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • AWL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • CHISEL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • DIRK (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • GOUGE (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • HOARD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • KNIFE (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 0 AD to 99 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. FWL 85. FENS.
---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. FWL 86. FENS.
---Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. FWL CD. FENS.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Thesis: Healy, F.. 1978. The Neolithic in Norfolk. pp 182-183.
<S2>Monograph: Healy, F. 1996. The Fenland Project, Number 11: The Wissey Embayment: Evidence for pre-Iron Age Occupation. East Anglian Archaeology. No 78. Microfiche.
<S3>Illustration: Derbyshire, D. Unknown. Drawing of a Neolithic polished stone axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S4>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Feltwell.
<S5>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S6>Illustration: Unknown. 1992. Sketch of a Late Bronze Age chisel with a piece of wood in the socket.. Paper. 1:1.
<S7>Illustration: Unknown. 1992. Sketch of a Late Bronze Age chisel with a piece of wood in the socket.. Paper. 1:1.
<S8>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Bronze Age complete copper alloy cake disc.. Paper. 1:1.
<S9>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Bronze Age complete copper alloy cake segment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Bronze Age complete copper alloy cake segment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S11>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age palstave.. Paper. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S14>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S15>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1992. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S16>Illustration: Birdsall, J.. 1993. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment.. Paper. 1:1.
<S17>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1993. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age mortising chisel.. Paper. 1:1.
<S18>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1993. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed knife.. Paper. 1:1.
<S19>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1993. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age gauge.. Paper. 1:1.
<S20>Illustration: Jones, C.. 1993. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age awl.. Paper. 1:1.
<S21>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1995. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age palstave fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S22>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age socketed axe fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S23>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of part of a Late Bronze copper alloy socketed chisel.. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

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