Record Details

NHER Number:4711
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval deserted settlement and World War Two aircraft

Summary

This site is the earthwork remains of a medieval settlement, with a moated platform, a series of hollow ways and sub-rectangular enclosures (the remains of medieval tofts).
The East Anglian Aircraft Research Group have excavated the remains of an aircraft from World War Two, which crashed here in 1945.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8755 0324
Map Sheet:TF80SE
Parish:ASHILL, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

5 June 1973. OS air photography. Earthworks. Moat.
D. Voisey, (NLA) 31 July 1995.

Moat. Rectangular, wide flat-bottomed ditches, stream flows through on south, other sides marshy; interior planted. External bank on east and south. All around this a complex of earthworks, of considerable size; some may be drainage ditches but most appear like deserted medieval village earthworks.
From north east corner of field a hollow way with side branches runs south south-west, (Now containing overflow from large pond recently dug on one side) then curving west in a massive bank 2m high, with smaller bank on south. Probably old course of Blind Lane, indicating a very old road. According to the farmer the site was excavated in the mid 1960s (by NCM) but nothing found. (Query - NRC moats group?)
Visited E. Rose 20 April 1978.

Summer 1988. Mustang from East Wretham, crashed January 1945, excavated by East Anglian Aircraft Research Group. Grid ref TF 876 033 given by Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum, which would place this in the area of cropmarks west of the farm; but is this reference in fact simply that of the farmhouse?
E. Rose 25 October 1988.

Press cutting in file see (S1).

1995. Earthwork Survey.
Earthwork survey at 1:1000 and description indicating moat with probable related enclosures, partially ploughed out and infilled. Hollow way and associated enclosures also degraded. Enclosures to north of farm also degraded by ploughing and re-seeding, but overall an interesting and extensive complex. 1 sherd Roman pottery found.
See file and (S2).
B. Cushion (NLA) December 1995.

Monument Types

  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Undated)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAUSEWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • AIRCRAFT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF8703A=St. Joseph, J, K, S, AKQ 71,TF8703B, D-G, C.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 73-243-041.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 73-243-040.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1995. Fateful last journey of the flying mustang.. 13 January.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Ashill.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1995. Ashill SMR4711. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. Plane wreck found.. 3 September.
<S3>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 89.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. pp 397-398.

Related records - none

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