Record Details

NHER Number:4561
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman and Early Saxon inhumations, multi-period finds

Summary

Inhumations were found at this site in the early 20th century, with fragments of Roman and Early Saxon pottery. Metal-detecting between 2007 and 2012 recovered Neolithic worked flint including a scraper; Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval coins and Iron Age/Roman to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include Late Bronze Age copper alloy awls; a Late Iron Age brooch; Roman brooches, bracelet fragments and a finger-ring; Early Saxon dress accessories and brooches; Early/Middle Saxon dress accessories; a Middle Saxon pin; a Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag; medieval dress accessories, a nail and a spring mechanism from a cylindrical or barrel padlock and a post-medieval hooked tag.

Images

  • Late Bronze Age awl from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon annular brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon buckle from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon buckle from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon cruciform brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon girdle hanger from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon pin from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early/Middle Saxon mount from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early/Middle Saxon strap fitting from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Middle/Late Saxon hooked tag from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon great square-headed brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age awl from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon buckle from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon brooch from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon strap-end from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Eraly Saxon chatelaine from NHER 4561  © Norfolk County Council
  • Drawing of an Early Saxon chatelaine  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF70SE
Parish:BEACHAMWELL, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1912.
Human remains to south west. Five skeletons in Decoy Close with Roman and other wares, one fragment of Samian.
All crouched, see (S1).
One flint flake with burials.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Also Iron Age sherds from same site. See [1].
?See (S2) in the Illustration Library.
E. Rose (NAU).

1915.
Skeleton found in Decoy Piece with two sherds of Early Saxon pottery found near them (one of these is a stamped pot).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

1985.
A. Gregory could find only one Iron Age sherd in NCM, body sherd in laminated fabric with small rounded quartz grit.
E. Rose (NAU), 25 April 1985.

Before 9 July 2007. Metal-detecting, site extended to whole field. Previous site area saved [2].
Neolithic flint, Late Bronze Age (S3), Iron Age/Romano-British, Romano-British, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and undatable metal objects.
13 Romano-British, one Middle Saxon and one medieval coin, post-medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 October 2007.

Before 2 November 2007. Metal-detecting.
3 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blades.
2 Iron Age, 15 Roman, 4 Middle Saxon and 9 medieval coins.
Middle Bronze Age (S4), Iron Age/Roman (S5), Roman, Early Saxon (S6), Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval (S7), post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 February 2008.

Before July 2009. Metal-detecting.
Neolithic worked flints; 10 Roman, three Middle Saxon, six medieval and three post-medieval coins; Roman, Early Saxon (S8), Middle Saxon/Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 16 May 2010.

Before 22 February 2010. Metal-detecting.
One Roman and two Middle Saxon coins, Late Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Early/Middle Saxon, Middle/Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 26 June 2012.

Before 22 November 2010. Metal-detecting.
Eight Roman and three medieval coins, one medieval token, Late Bronze Age (S9), Roman, Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 26 June 2012.

Before 8 October 2012. Metal-detecting. [3].
Roman dolphin brooch and a trumpet derivative brooch.
Early Saxon small-long brooch, cruciform brooch fragment, strap-end and a buckle.
Early/Middle Saxon chatelaine fragment.
Medieval belt fitting, buckle frame and a nail or unused rivet of rolled and folded copper alloy sheet.
Undatable copper alloy disc-headed stud.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 4 December 2012.

(S10) - PAS details to follow.
A. Miller-Fik (HES), 4 September 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • INHUMATION (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BEAD (Undated)
  • CASTING WASTE (Undated)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • STUD (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • AWL (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • BROOCH (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 0 AD to 100 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 65 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN BLANK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC SET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HAIR PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MOUNT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL CLEANER (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman to Early Saxon - 43 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 50 AD to 200 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 282 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 268 AD to 270 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 273 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 280 AD)
  • COIN BLANK (Roman - 275 AD to 284 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 310 AD to 313 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD to 321 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COIN (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • EAR SCOOP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PIN (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 411 AD to 850 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 450 AD to 500 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 480 AD to 550 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 600 AD)
  • COIN (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 500 AD to 675 AD)
  • STRAP END (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 550 AD)
  • CHATELAINE (Early Saxon to Middle Saxon - 600 AD to 700 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 710 AD to 735 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 740 AD to 750 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIRROR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1280 AD to 1280 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1320 AD to 1333 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1344 AD to 1351 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1351 AD to 1377 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1352 AD to 1353 AD)
  • APOTHECARY WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PENDANT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1580 AD to 1582 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1601 AD to 1604 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1614 AD to 1636 AD)
  • JETTON? (Post Medieval - 1650 AD to 1800 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1669 AD to 1669 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 70 NE 14.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Beachamwell.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Beechamwell.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Beachamwell [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Nightingale, R.C. (Lynn Advertiser). 1912. March.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of an Iron Age sherd?. Card. Unknown.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2007. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age awl.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age socketed cast unidentified object.. Film. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of an Iron Age/Roman unidentified object.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of an Early Saxon uncompleted oval buckle.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of a medieval gilt oval buckle.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2009. Drawing of a probable Early Saxon unfinished oval buckle.. Film. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age awl.. Film. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 201. Drawing of an Early Saxon chatellane.. Film. 2:1.

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