Record Details

NHER Number:294
Type of record:Monument
Name:City wall, medieval lime kilns, 19th century ovens, Nos 260-272 King Street (Cinder Oven Rows)

Summary

In 1975 and 1976 work to clear an area immediately outside the city wall recorded a section of the associated bank and ditch. It was also noted that almost the whole site was covered to a depth of up to 1m with black ash and cinders containing 19th century material. There are also a considerable number of chalk-filled pits on the site, and these may be linked to documentary references to lime-working in this area in the 14th century.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2387 0763
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

1975. Large area cleared immediately outside the city wall.
Virtually the whole site was covered to a depth of up to 1m with black ash and cinders containing 19th century material. There were also a considerable number of chalk filled pits on the site, undated. There are documentary references to lime-working on or around this site from the 14th century (S1).

1976. Continuation of work.
Section of the bank and ditch of the city wall seen and recorded.
Medieval and post medieval sherds from foundation trenches.
Compiled by W. Milligan and M. Atkin (NCM).

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • TOWN DEFENCES (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • LIME KILN (Medieval - 1300 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • OVEN (Post Medieval - 1800 AD? to 1900 AD?)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
<S1>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.
<S1>Publication: Ninham, J. and Fitch, R. 1861. Views of Gates of Norwich. pp 17-19.

Related records

Site 1005Parent of: 260-272 King Street (Cinder Ovens Rows) (Monument)
Site 1967Parent of: 260-272 King Street (Cinder Ovens Rows) (Monument)
Mon 885Parent of: Lime Kilns outside City Walls at King Street (Monument)
384Part of: Norwich City Defences (Monument)

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