Record Details

NHER Number:281
Type of record:Monument
Name:Saxon, medieval and post medieval features, 49 to 63 Botolph Street


Excavations in 1975 revealed a possible section of the city's Late Saxon defensive ditch and evidence of 13th and 14th century iron-working. A 15th century timber building to the rear of the site was later replaced by stone structures and gradually extended into a complex of yards and buildings, including a bakehouse. The site was largely abandoned after the plague of 1578, and then re-laid on different alignments in the early 17th century.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2297 0943
Map Sheet:TG20NW

Full description

1975. Excavation by J. Roberts for Norwich Survey. All Roman material residual.
Pre 13th century: Apparently no major occupation of the site, cut with a section through the ?11th century defence ditch.
13th/14th century: Iron working. One hearth with much associated ash and slag.
?15th century: Timber buildings and chalk floor constructed at the rear of the iron-working area.
15th/16th century: Timber building replaced by stone structures and gradually extended into a complex of yards and buildings including a bakehouse at the rear.
Following the 1578 plague the site was largely abandoned.
Early 17th century: Site relaid on different alignments.
J. Roberts.

Full report in (S2).

1998. NAU Report No. 373.
Following an earlier archaeological assessment (NAU Report 248, 1997), a further desktop study confirms a likely early gateway in the Late Saxon defences, where Botolph Street enters, for traffic from the north-west. The area on the north-east side of Botolph was open for some centuries; the town ditch seems to have survived as a recognisable landmark, although mostly infilled and converted into a lane, to be recorded in the medieval Enrolled Deeds. A small area on Magdalen Street may have lain at the south end of a former market area, overlooked by St Botolph's church, and now completely lost through infilling and the modern loss of Botolph Street.
See (S6).
D. Holburn (HES), 5 December 2011.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • TOWN DEFENCES (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BLOOMERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • YARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BAKEHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HALL HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101.
---Unpublished document: Penn, K. 1997. NAU Report No. 248. Pitt Street, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 31 Mar 1937.
---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Rolled Plan: Large Plan Exists.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S2>Article in monograph: Evans, D. H. and Davison, A. 1985. Excavations on Botolph Street and St George's Street (Sites 170N, 281N and 284N). Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978; Part II. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkin, M., Carter, A. and Evans, D. H.. No 26 pp 87-143. pp 114-141.
<S3>Article in serial: Cherry, J. 1976. Post-Medieval Britain in 1975. Post-Medieval Archaeology. Vol 10 pp 161-175. p 165.
<S4>Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 20. p 10.
<S5>Publication: 1975. Archaeol.Ex.. 107-108.
<S6>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 378.

Related records

Site 994Parent of: 49-63 Botolph Street (Monument)
Mon 1342Parent of: 61? Botolph Street (Monument)

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