|Type of record:||Monument|
|Name:||Saxon, medieval and post medieval features, 49 to 63 Botolph Street|
Excavations in 1975 revealed a possible section of the city's Late Saxon defensive ditch and evidence of 13th and 14th century iron-working. A 15th century timber building to the rear of the site was later replaced by stone structures and gradually extended into a complex of yards and buildings, including a bakehouse. The site was largely abandoned after the plague of 1578, and then re-laid on different alignments in the early 17th century.
Images - none
|Grid Reference:||TG 2297 0943|
|Parish:||NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK|
1975. Excavation by J. Roberts for Norwich Survey. All Roman material residual.
Pre 13th century: Apparently no major occupation of the site, cut with a section through the ?11th century defence ditch.
13th/14th century: Iron working. One hearth with much associated ash and slag.
?15th century: Timber buildings and chalk floor constructed at the rear of the iron-working area.
15th/16th century: Timber building replaced by stone structures and gradually extended into a complex of yards and buildings including a bakehouse at the rear.
Following the 1578 plague the site was largely abandoned.
Early 17th century: Site relaid on different alignments.
Full report in (S2).
1998. NAU Report No. 373.
Following an earlier archaeological assessment (NAU Report 248, 1997), a further desktop study confirms a likely early gateway in the Late Saxon defences, where Botolph Street enters, for traffic from the north-west. The area on the north-east side of Botolph was open for some centuries; the town ditch seems to have survived as a recognisable landmark, although mostly infilled and converted into a lane, to be recorded in the medieval Enrolled Deeds. A small area on Magdalen Street may have lain at the south end of a former market area, overlooked by St Botolph's church, and now completely lost through infilling and the modern loss of Botolph Street.
D. Holburn (HES), 5 December 2011.
- DITCH (Unknown date)
- TOWN DEFENCES (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- BLOOMERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- IRON WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- METAL WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- YARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- BAKEHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- HALL HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
Protected Status - none
Sources and further reading
|---||Monograph: Ashley, S.. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 101. |
|---||Unpublished document: Penn, K. 1997. NAU Report No. 248. Pitt Street, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment. |
|---||Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 31 Mar 1937. |
|---||Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich. |
|---||Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman. |
|---||Secondary File: Secondary file. |
|---||Rolled Plan: Large Plan Exists. |
|---||Slide: Various. Slide. |
|<S2>||Article in monograph: Evans, D. H. and Davison, A. 1985. Excavations on Botolph Street and St George's Street (Sites 170N, 281N and 284N). Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978; Part II. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkin, M., Carter, A. and Evans, D. H.. No 26 pp 87-143. pp 114-141. |
|<S3>||Article in serial: Cherry, J. 1976. Post-Medieval Britain in 1975. Post-Medieval Archaeology. Vol 10 pp 161-175. p 165. |
|<S4>||Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 20. p 10. |
|<S5>||Publication: 1975. Archaeol.Ex.. 107-108. |
|<S6>||Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 378. |
|Site 994||Parent of: 49-63 Botolph Street (Monument)|
|Mon 1342||Parent of: 61? Botolph Street (Monument)|
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