Record Details

NHER Number:26083
Type of record:Building
Name:Erpingham Gate, The Close

Summary

Donated in about 1420 by Sir Thomas Erpingham, who commanded Henry V's archers at the Battle of Agincourt, this magnificent flint and stone gateway stands opposite the west face of the Cathedral, presenting a very tall arch towards Tombland. The arch is flanked by carved polygonal buttresses topped by statues, and both buttresses and arch are covered with sculpture and heraldry, which survive, with a little later restoration, in their entirety. A figure of Sir Thomas kneels in an elaborately carved niche set in knapped flint over the arch.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23356 08874
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Gateway. 1420, restored in the 19th and 20th centuries. Flint and stone.
Large two-centre arch with three orders of mouldings with two bands of figures between, towards Tombland.
The arch is flanked by two carved panelled polygonal buttresses to spandrel height.
Shields in the spandrels. Gable with central statue niche, kneeler statues capping the buttress. Apex cross.
Information from (S1).
See schedule (S2) in file.

For a discussion of the influence of the gate on Norfolk church architecture see references (S3) and (S4).

Main reference for the gate is now (S5) page 91 which states Sir Thomas Erpingham built the gate as a memorial to himself, but his staue on it probably came from his tomb, and was moved here in 18th/19th century.
E. Rose (NLA), 9 May 2001.

Monument Types

  • GATE (Medieval to Modern - 1420 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Pevsner, N. & Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England.
---Article in serial: Whitingham, A. 1980. Gates of the Cathedral Close, Norwich. Archaeological Journal. Vol 137 p 316.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Scheduling record: English Heritage. List of Buildings of Historical and Architectural Interest.
<S2>Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
<S3>Article in monograph: Fawcett, R. 1996. The Influence of the Gothic Parts of the Cathedral on Church Building in Norfolk. Atherton, I. et al (eds.). pp 210-227. p 223.
<S4>Article in serial: Fawcett, R.. 1982. Antiquaries' Journal. Vol LXII. 2.
<S5>Monograph: Curry, A. (ed). 2000. Agincourt: a new history.. p 87.

Related records

Mon 267Parent of: Erpingham Gate, The Close (Monument)
Site 422Parent of: Erpingham Gate, The Close (Monument)
377Part of: Cathedral Close (cathedral precinct) (Monument)
Mon 1459Part of: Cathedral Precinct (Monument)
Mon 230Part of: Precinct Wall, The Close (Monument)

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