Record Details

NHER Number:23001
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon inhumation cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1989 and 2013 recovered prehistoric worked flint, including a Neolithic leaf-shaped arrowhead; undated, Roman, Early to Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds; medieval roof tile fragments;
Iron Age, Roman and Middle Saxon coins; post-medieval jettons and undated and Bronze Age to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include undated metalworking debris, weights and a steelyard weight; a Bronze Age awl; Iron Age bow brooch, a toggle and harness fittings; Roman brooches, finger rings, bells, bracelet fragments, a bead, key, nail, stud, steelyard weight and furniture fittings; an Early Saxon brooch, wrist clasp, girdle hanger and harness fitting; a Middle Saxon brooch, hooked tag, strap fitting and pin; a #Middle/Late Saxon book clasp; a Late Saxon brooch, buckle, hooked tag, strap-end and harness fitting; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories, weights and thimbles; medieval brooches, an ampulla, book clasp, finger ring, chain, key, seal matrix, lead pots mends and a cauldron fragment and a post-medieval bell, candle holder, finger ring, furniture fitting, rowel spur, tack and spoon.
The Early Saxon objects recovered indicate that this is the site of an Early Saxon inhumation cemetery.
The location of some of the finds recorded on this record may have been confused and they may in fact have been recovered from NHER 1659.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF73SW
Parish:FRING, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

October 1986. Context 1 at site [1].
One stamped Early Saxon sherd.
Four Ipswich sandy body sherds.
About three dozen Thetford type ware sherds.
One sherd of shelly ware.
A few unglazed early medieval sherds.
One sherd Grimston green glazed, 13th to 14th century.
This appears to be more or less the real extent of the site to the southwest.
Information from [2].
A. Gregory (NAU), 23 October 1986.

1990. Further finds, possibly overlapping into site NHER 1659.
Three Roman greyware;
One rim (large sherd) and three bodysherds with high organic temper, Early Saxon.
Three medieval unglazed.
Two bowl rims, one jar rim Thetford type (perhaps Grimston Thetford).
Two glazed Grimston;
One medieval peg roof tile fragment;
One post-medieval stoneware sherd.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 15 February 1990.

1989 to 1990. Metal-detecting finds from either this site or NHER 1659.
Neolithic flint scraper.
Roman bracelet, stud and lead steelyard weight.
Medieval bronze vessel rim, four spur fragments, two buckles, two belt fittings.
Post-medieval spur, buckle, lead weight, three lead buttons and one pewter button.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), 1990.
See list and (S1) in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 30 October 1997.

1989 to 1990. Metal-detecting finds. Context 2. Area beyond what A. Gregory (NAU) considered the southwest boundary of the site.
Two Roman coins. See list in file.
Iron Age tiny terret.
Neolithic unfinished flint arrowhead.
Roman two brooches, bracelet, finger ring.
Early Saxon two brooches.
Late Saxon two dress fittings and buckle.
Medieval two buckles, strap end and four belt fittings.
Post-medieval three buckles, two dress fittings, two buttons, binding ring and purse frame.
Full details in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 31 October 1997.

1990/1991. Metal-detecting.
Roman coin.
See list in file. Identified by D. Gurney (NLA), 30 May 1991.
Iron Age toggle.
Roman button and loop fastener, bracelet, key and strap end.
Early Saxon two brooches.
Late Saxon buckle.
Three prehistoric flint flakes.
Medieval silver ring brooch and strap end.
Roman pottery: one Nene Valley colour coated ware, one ?Nene Valley or related mortarium - black ironstone grits. Three grey ware sherds.
Post-medieval candle snuffer.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), 1991.
Full list in file.
W. Milligan (NCM), 31 October 1997.

1992 to 1993. Metal-detecting finds. Finder's field 1. Context 2.
Two 3rd century coins.
See list in file. Identified by J. Davies (NCM), 6 March 1993.
Roman belt fitting and bell.
Early Saxon two small longs and two cruciform knobs and wrist clasp.
Middle Saxon disc brooch and hooked tag.
Late Saxon hooked tag, strap end and brooch.
Medieval 13th century buckle.
14th century strap end, casket key and lead ampulla.
17th century button and early post-medieval thimble.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM), 1993.
W. Milligan (NCM), 13 May 1994.

1995 to 1996. Metal-detecting.
Hybrid/Polden Hill brooch about AD 40 to 70?
Identified by D. Mackreth 1996.
Roman twisted bracelet.
?Medieval or post-medieval child's finger ring or binding ring.
See list in file.
One Roman coin.
See list together with NHER 1659.
W. Milligan (NCM), 24 March 1998.

1996 to 1997. Metal-detecting finds from Context 1.
Three Roman coins (not specified).
See list in file together with NHER 1659.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM), 13 November 1997.
Early Saxon wrist clasp, cruciform brooch foot, small long brooch foot.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon strap end and brooch.
Middle Saxon sceatta.
Medieval two strap ends.
See (S1) and lists in file.
Possibly from this area of NHER 1659:
Roman bronze bead.
Medieval strap end.
Two medieval buckles.
Identified by V. Fryer (NCM), 1997.
W. Milligan (NCM), 25 March 1998.

1997 to 1998. Metal-detecting.
Four Roman coins,
Late Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval & post-medieval metal finds. See lists in file.
See also list filed under NHER 1659 of finds whether from that site or from this, not kept separate by finder.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 July 1999.

1997. Metal-detecting.
Medieval flat circular bronze mount with central oval collet, stone setting now missing. Decorated with an engraved double strand cross emerging from the collet, with oblique lines extending from the end of each arm to give an impression of expanded arms. The rest of the space is filled with groups of parallel lines set in an uneven herringbone pattern, and there is an engraved border around. The mount is 30mm in diameter and the collet in 9x7mm. Perhaps from a book cover. 13th century.
See (S1).
Identified by J. Robinson (British Museum).
Description by H. M. Geake (NCM), 4 August 1999.
K. Hinds (NLA), 17 February 2000.

1998 to 1999. Metal-detecting. Context 1.
Four medieval metal objects.
Four medieval/early post-medieval metal objects.
One post-medieval metal object.
Two undated metal objects.

1998 to 1999. Metal-detecting. Context 2.
Iron Age mini terret.
Middle Saxon sceatta.
Medieval/post-medieval six metal objects.
Undated metal objects.
See lists and further descriptions in file.
K. Hinds (NLA), 29 August 2000.

Before 6 July 2000. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin.
Roman, medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
See (S2) and lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 May 2001.

2000 to 2001. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon. medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal finds.
Some material perhaps from here is listed under NHER 1659.
See (S2) and list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 April 2002.

January 2001. Metal-detecting.
Roman finger ring.
Information from PAS download.
A. Cattermole (HES), 12 March 2013.

2001 to 2002. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins.
Roman, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal finds.
See list and (S2) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 March 2003.

2003 to 2004. Metal-detecting.
Two Roman coins.
Iron Age, Roman, Early Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists and (S2) in file.
About fifteen Early Saxon objects now recorded suggest an inhumation cemetery here and in NHER 1659.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 December 2004.

Before 19 March 2008. Metal-detecting.
Iron Age La Téne 1 brooch, Roman coin, unidentified object, Middle Saxon/ Late Saxon hooked tag, Late Saxon cheek piece, medieval seal matrix, harness mount, post-medieval jetton, book clasp, purse frame, button, chape, undatable unidentified object, ring and metal working debris.
see lists in file,
E. Darch (NLA), 22 June 2009.

Before 15 February 2011. Metal-detecting. Site extended.
A possible medieval or post-medieval vessel fitting.
See description in file.
E. Darch (HES), 7 March 2011.

November 2013. Metal-detecting. [2].
1 Iron Age coin (Finder's no. 3).
Medieval thimble (Finder's no. 6) and a strap mount (Finder's no. 12).
2 post-medieval jettons (Finder's nos. 11 and 17)and a finger ring? (Finder's no. 4).
The following finds could be from NHER 23001 or NHER 1659 as their exact location was not recorded:
Undated lead weight.
Medieval buckle plates, lead pot mends and a strap-end.
Post-medieval button and a bell.
Information from PAS import.
See finder's map in file.
A. Beckham (HES), 27 February 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • POT (Undated)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • AWL (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BOW BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HARNESS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • TOGGLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 50 BC to 20 BC)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD? to 199 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANNULAR BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHAIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval to 15th Century - 1100 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (12th Century to 15th Century - 1200 AD to 1500 AD)
  • STRAP END (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (13th Century to 14th Century - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • THIMBLE (14th Century to 15th Century - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUTTON (15th Century to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BELL (16th Century to 18th Century - 1540 AD to 1800 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROWEL SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TACK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century - 1550 AD to 1584 AD)
  • FINGER RING (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • JETTON (17th Century - 1608 AD to 1612 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 2002. KTF 21, Middle/Late Saxon strap end..
---Photograph: 2002. KTF 24-28, Medieval buckle plate..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
<S2>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Illustration: Penn, K. Unknown. Drawing of possible details of an unidentified object.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1998. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age awl fragment. Film. 2:1.

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