Record Details

NHER Number:20979
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds scatter

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal detecting has recovered a wide range of prehistoric finds dating from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age period. The evidence for Early Neolithic activity is of particular note, with a range of flints of this date having been recovered, including a number of leaf arrowheads. Several Roman objects have also been recovered. Fieldwalking as part of the Fenland Survey recorded a number of scatters of prehistoric burnt flints indicative of the presence of burnt mounds here. In 1998 a metal detectorist found a gold twisted ribbon bracelet that probably dates to the Bronze Age period. A Middle Bronze Age copper alloy palstave has also been found. Other finds include worked flints, worked antler, pottery, a jet button and a Roman brooch.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TL69SE
Parish:FELTWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Pre 1975. Stray Find (c. 3).
Several objects found at [1], including ?Mesolithic perforated antler 'axe' (previously recorded as NHER 13324). According to (S1) and (S2) this object is held by the King's Lynn Museum, although it does not appear to be listed in the current museum records. This object was however seen by F. Healy in 1981, who confirmed that it was the axe listed in (S1). This site is one of several in this area to have produced objects of this type - see (S2) for further details.

Other finds included sherds of Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age Beaker pottery, a Beaker-period jet button and two flint axes (presumably Neolithic). Pieces of worked antler and bone were also recovered. Information from (S2).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

Pre 1981. Stray Find (c. 2).
Large shed red deer antler. Exact location within field not known. Has basel perforation parallel to the brow and bez tines, what are cut off. Beam cut off square. Seen by F. Healy August 1981. See (S2) for further information on the worked bone and antler objects from this area.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

28 November 1984. Fenland Project fieldwalking.
Weathered surface. Drilled, but with crops not yet showing through. Several discrete concentrations of finds identified:

Site FWL BA (c. 4; [2]).
Scatter of material, mainly flints (site not mentioned in final report).

Site FWL 48 (c. 5; [3]).
On ridge emerging from peat. Abundant spread of 'pot boilers' with only the odd flint. Min. dimensions 35m E/W x 15m N/S. With the exception of a Neolithic leaf arrowhead the worked flints were not closely datable.

Site FWL 49 (c. 6; [4]).
On ridge just showing above peat. Small spread of flints with occasional 'pot boiler'. Max dimensions 13m E/W x 10m N/S. Worked flints not closely datable.

Site FWL 50 (c. 7; [5]).
Across two adjacent low ridges. Spread of predominantly Early Neolithic worked flint found with 11 sherds of Early Neolithic plain bowl pottery. Max dimensions 100m NW/SE x 30m NE/SW.

Site FWL 51 (c. 8; [6]).
On top of ridge. Sparse to moderate spread of flints with a few 'pot boilers' and bone fragments. Worked flints predominantly Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age (including awl and unfinished arrowhead), although a small number of Mesolithic/Early Neolithic pieces were also found. Two sherds of Beaker pottery, a single sherd of grog-tempered Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age pottery and a single fragment of fired clay also recovered.

Site FWL 52 (c. 9; [7]).
On edge of ridge above peaty hollow. Sparse to moderate spread of flint and bone with a few 'pot boilers'. Max dimensions 30m E/W x 17m N/S. Worked flints not closely datable.

Site FWL 53 (c. 10; [8]).
On a ridge just emerging from the peat. Sparse to moderate spread of flint and bone and a few 'pot boilers'. Max dimensions 34m E/W x 22m N/S. Worked flints predominantly Mesolithic/Early Neolithic, although a smaller number of later Neolithic/Early Bronze Age pieces were also present. Five sherds of Beaker pottery and a single sherd of indet. prehistoric pottery also recovered.

For further details see project archive (S3) and final publication (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

Pre 1991. Stray Find.
Several prehistoric flints found found in approximate area of c. 5, including 1 unfinished arrowhead (Secker Collection No. 239) and 2 scrapers.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

May 1992. Metal-detecting.
Found on 19 May in NE area of field:
2 ?Neolithic flint end scrapers and 2 side-and-end scrapers.
24 Roman pottery sherds (including 7 Samian and greyware).
1 ?Roman millstone fragment.

Found on 26 May in NW area of Context 7:
2 undatable Late Prehistoric pottery sherds.
4 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blades, 3 flakes and 1 small end scraper.
1 Roman brooch (catchplate, AD 40-75).

Found on 26 May at unknown location:
1 ?Neolithic flint end scraper, 9 blades and 5 flakes.
3 ?Iron Age pottery sherds.

Flints identified by P. Robins (NCM), brooch by D. Mackreth and other objects by W. Milligan (NCM). See lists and descriptions in file. All finds except undatable prehistoric sherds now held by Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.9.1-3).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 29 August 2014.

28 April 1993. Metal-detecting.
Found at [13]:
5 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blades.
5 undatable Late Prehistoric pottery sherds (including 1 with decorated handle/foot scar).
Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.1.19.9.4).
Information from museum records.
P. Watkins (HES), 29 August 2014.

1998. Metal detecting.
Gold ribbon ornament, ?bracelet, probably Bronze Age, possibly Late Bronze Age.
See (S5), (S6), (S74), (S8) and (S9).
Disclaimed as treasure 10 June 1998.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 September 2000.

7 March 1998. Fieldwalking.
Three flints (one saw).
Prehistoric pottery (?Iron Age).
W. Milligan (NCM), 9 March 2001.

March to May 2001. Fieldwalking.
Finds recovered from area of c. 7:
10 Neolithic (mostly Early Neolithic?) worked flints including 4 leaf arrowheads 1 sickle, 1 polished stone axe and 4 flakes. See file for copy of sketches of sickle and polished axe (S10).
9 prehistoric flint-tempered pottery sherds.

From area of drilled beet near NW corner of field:
7 prehistoric flint-tempered pottery sherds.
1 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic flint blade.
1 Early Neolithic leaf arrowhead.

See lists and finders maps in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 July 2001. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

February to March 2002. Metal detecting.
Neolithic flints.
Middle Bronze Age palstave (S11).
Neolithic sherds.
Undatable lead weight.
See list, (S5) and (S7).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 20 April 2002.

See letter to (S3) suggesting the gold bracelet found in 1998 is Late Bronze Age.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 18 July 2002.

March to May 2003. Metal detecting and fieldwalking.
Finds from near findspot of MBA axehead:
4 animal bones
1 human bone (cranial fragment). Identified by M. Horfolk.
1 ?worked wood fragment with round section (38mm). Length 165mm, one chip taken off.

Finds found at [9]:
1 prehistoric oval pebble hammer stone.
1 Neolithic flint knife.

Finds found at [10]:
1 Early Neolithic projectile point resembling a large leaf arrowhead.

Finds found at [11]:
1 Upper Palaeolithic/Mesolithic plunging flint blade from single-platform core.
1 prehistoric mult-platform flint core.
1 ?prehistoric flint flake.
1 ?Neolithic flint-gritted pottery sherd.

Finds found at [12]:
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Beaker pottery sherd.
See file for full descriptions.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 23 June 2003. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 September 2013.

April 2004. Metal detecting and fieldwalking.
Early Neolithic bowl sherd, flint sickle (S12) and two bladelets.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 October 2004.

7 May 2008. Metal detecting.
Head of a Middle Bronze Age pin (S13).
See description and drawing in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 July 2008.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Upper Palaeolithic to Late Mesolithic - 40000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • WEIGHT (Unknown date)
  • ARROWHEAD (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PERFORATED OBJECT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SAW (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Upper Palaeolithic - 40000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • AXEHEAD (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • END SCRAPER (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • END SCRAPER (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • END SCRAPER (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • FLAKE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • FLAKED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POINT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SICKLE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SICKLE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SIDE AND END SCRAPER (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • ARROWHEAD (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • AWL (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • POT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC? to 1501 BC?)
  • BRACELET (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BUTTON (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • PALSTAVE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • PIN (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • BRACELET (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Illustration: Woollestone, D.G.. 2002. Sketch Plan.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Feltwell.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2003. Archaeological Finds in Norfolk in 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 563-573. p 564.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Monograph: Wymer, J. J. and Bonsall, C. J. (eds). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. No. 20.
<S2>Monograph: Healy, F. 1996. The Fenland Project, Number 11: The Wissey Embayment: Evidence for pre-Iron Age Occupation. East Anglian Archaeology. No 78.
<S3>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S4>Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1991. The Fenland Project, Number 4: The Wissey Embayment and the Fen Causeway, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 52.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Needham, S. (BM). 1998. Gold ribbon ornament from Feltwell, Norfolk.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Needham, S. (BM). 2002. Letter. Gold and bronze artefacts from Feltwell..
<S7>Unpublished Document: Eogan, G.. 2002. Letter, Regarding the Feltwell Gold Bracelet..
<S8>Unpublished Document: West, A. (NCM). 1998. Gold Object from Feltwell. DRAFT.. 9 March.
<S9>Photograph: British Museum. 1998. Feltwell Gold Bracelet. PS325599 and PS325600.
<S10>Illustration: Robins, P. 2001. Sketch of Neolithic flint sickle and polished stone axe from Feltwell.. Paper. 1:1.
<S11>Illustration: Hamilton, K & Ashley, S.. 2002. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age palstave.. Film. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Robins, P. 2004. Drawing of an Early Neolithic sickle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2008. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age pin head.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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