Record Details

NHER Number:17291
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Iron Age to Roman coaxial field system cropmarks

Summary

Cropmarks of an extensive coaxial field system of probable late Iron Age to Roman date are visible on aerial photographs. Ring ditch cropmarks previously recorded as part of this site are now recorded separately as NHER 49541-2.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3547 0266
Map Sheet:TG30SE
Parish:CARLETON ST PETER, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
LANGLEY WITH HARDLEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

19 July 1977. NAU air photography.
Linear cropmarks, apparently of old field boundaries predating present system.
E. Rose (NAU), 22 May 1981.

12 July 1978. NAU air photography.
Cropmarks.
One ring ditch at TG 3520 0272.
D. Edwards (NAU), 18 December 1980.

19 July 1977. NAU air photography.
Cropmarks.
Parallel linear features indicating position of trackway, by virtue of the flanking ditches, and associated field system.
D. Edwards (NAU).

However some of the northernmost features are clearly peri-glacial.
D. Edwards (NAU) & E. Rose (NLA), 1993.

1995. Aerial photography by [1].
Area of cropmarks extended southwards to include several more linear features and one very distinct and large double concentric ring ditch, almost hengiform.
E. Rose (NLA), 30 August 1995.

8 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks still visible.
In addition to those previously recorded there appears to be a third ring ditch showing as cropmarks at NGR TG 3511 0256.
H. Clare (NLA), 26 September 2001.

June 2007. Norfolk NMP
Cropmarks of an extensive coaxial field system of probable late Iron Age to Roman date are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S12). Cropmarks of ring ditches previously recorded as part of this site are now recorded as NHER 49541-2. The area of this site has been extended and its central grid reference has been amended from TG 3540 0271 to TG 3550 0267.
Cropmarks of probable trackways or double ditched field boundaries are present on north-west to south-east alignments. These form long axes along which the field system is aligned. The spacing between the long axes ranges from 52m to 190m. In between these ditches and trackways south-west to north-east aligned ditches form rectilinear fields. The cropmarks are fragmentary and it is difficult to determine the exact dimensions of the majority of the individual fields. Complete fields in the south-west of the group measure 69m by 130 and 174m by 155m. Almost complete fields with dimensions of 100m by 71m and 74m by 60m are visible in the northern part of the field system. This field system is similar to, although not quite as regular as, coaxial field systems recorded to the north of the River Yare at Beighton and Cantley (NHER 6096) and Reedham, Freethorpe and Halvergate (NHER 11841, 21271, 49400). It is likely that it is of the same probable late Iron Age to Roman date to the field systems present to the north of the Yare. It is possible that this field system continues to the south-west as possible trackway or field boundary cropmarks present in that direction share the same general alignment (NHER 49534). Those cropmarks overlie a group of rectilinear enclosures associated with a possible late Roman farmstead (NHER 49533).
Undated and probable medieval to post medieval field boundary ditch cropmarks are also present within the area of the coaxial field system. Known post medieval field boundaries were not mapped.
J. Albone (NMP), 22 June 2007

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • COAXIAL FIELD SYSTEM (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FIELD (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY? (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 3501A-C (NLA 135/ATC7-9) 21-JUL-1983.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 3502H-M (NLA 45/AJA3-7) 19-JUL-1977.
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 3503A (NLA 88/APK9) 02-JUL-1980.
<S4>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1976. CUCAP (BYA75-80) 24-JUN-1976.
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1978. NHER TG 3502A-F (NLA 66/AMD2-7) 12-JUL-1978.
<S6>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1986. NHER TG 3502N-T (NLA 177/DBB1-6) 11-JUL-1986.
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Page, M.. 1995. NHER TG 3502AV-AW (PAGE 47.95/-) 10-AUG-1995.
<S8>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1990. NHER TG 3502AG-AH (NLA 271/GCX13-4) 12-JUL-1990.
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1990. NHER TG 3502AJ-AK (NLA 271/GCY4-5) 12-JUL-1990.
<S10>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1978. NHER TG 3403A (NLA 66/AMD1) 12-JUL-1978.
<S11>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 3403D-F (NLA 84/ANX16-8) 16-JUN-1980.
<S12>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1978. NHER TG 3403G-J (NLA 271/GCY1-3) 12-JUL-1978.

Related records - none

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