Record Details

NHER Number:12575
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Roman settlement, Caistor St Edmund

Summary

Roman pottery fragments were recovered here when the field was first ploughed in 1977. and in 1992 further Roman pottery, tile and animal bone fragments were recorded. Since then metal detecting at the site has recovered a wide range of Roman, medieval and post medieval metal objects. Over 50 Roman coins have been recovered and many brooches, pins and a finger ring. The number of Roman finds found here indicate this was probably an area of Roman settlement. An interesting Late Iron Age brooch and a terret indicate this occupation may have started in the Late Iron Age period. The medieval and post medieval finds may have been casual losses. March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
Mapping as part of NMP project revealed the traces of a possible enclosure and boundary ditches of probable Roman date (NHER 52267) within the area of these finds.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1977. Visit.
Pasture ploughed for first time in living memory.
Tenant reported seeing Roman sherds afterwards, and that he met no obstructions in ploughing.
Field under wheat crop, no finds.
A. Gregory (NAU), 11 May 1977.

May 1992. Roman tile, pottery and animal bone.
See (S1) in file.
D. Gurney, 28 May 1992

June/July 1995. Metal detecting
Context 2 at [1].
Site extended into woods to southeast.
Six pins (S2), four brooches and a finger ring. All Roman.
See details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 November 1995.

September/October 1995. Metal detecting.
Found by [2].
One Iron Age and One Roman coin.
See list in file.

Found by [3].
Iron Age 'Knotenfibeln' brooch. See (S2) and (S3). See J. Davies' (NCM) description in file.
Four Roman objects, see (S3):
Surgical instrument, L shaped with square section, short end flattened at tip, long end split at tip, possibly for clamping purposes.
Armlet terminal, concentric circle decoration at each end and feathered decoration along edges.
Decorative eagle, possibly decoration from a vessel.
Probe in two pieces, circular section, one oval and one rounded end.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
Medieval objects:
Strap union moulded rectangular loop, with integral forked spacer plate on one side and sheet plates.
Mount with ?fleur-de-lis, rivet hole and pointed terminal.
Sheet mount, rough rectangular with curled round 'fish tails' each with rivet, central rivet hole, decorated with incised leaf scroll.
Buckle plate fragment with two rivet holes, hole for pin near folded edge.
Double looped buckle fragment with scalloped outer edge.
Belt slide with four transverse ribs and rectangular loop on reverse.
Fastener with broken frame and sheet attachment plate.
Four early post medieval book clasps with ring and dot, and herringbone incised decoration.
16th century hooked tag, relief rosette type.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 1996.

1995. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.
See list in file.
V. Fryer (NCM), 27 June 1997.

December 1995/January 1996. Metal detecting. [4]
One Roman coin. See list in file.
One Roman greyware bowl/dish rim.
?Roman harness fragment. Ring with tapering circular section. [5]
Medieval/early post medieval domed harness disc, bar on reverse missing.
Ring. Medieval brooch or for suspension.
Six Roman coins. [6]
Five Roman coins. [7]
Thirty two Roman coins. [8]
See coin lists in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM) and S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 1996.

1996. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.
See list in file.
Iron Age terret fragment. Oval section ring fragment with relief moulded decorative collars. See (S3 and S4).
Roman finger ring. Broad concave shoulder. Oval bevel, empty. 3rd century.
Roman key handle. Fleur de lis shape. Iron at base from key.
Roman brooches. 2nd century dolphin types with hinge mechanism. 1st century. One with groove down centre of bow.
Roman copper alloy spherical pin head.
V. Fryer (NCM), 27 June 1997.

1996. Metal detecting.
Roman coins.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
H. Geake (NCM), 12 November 1996.

1994, 1995 and 1998. Metal detecting.
Fifty two Roman coin listed on five coin sheets. (identified by J. Davies (NCM)) dated 30 March 1998 and 11 April 1998.
One sheet has [9], one parish name only and three 'TG 20-3' (two also with parish name).
Medieval coin (sheet in parish name).
All found by [2].
These must all go with non numismatic finds.
Six maps prepared by finder recording finds made in 1995 and 1995, all or most refer to this site.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 July 2001.

Before July 1998. Metal detecting.
Site slightly extended west [10].
Undatable metalworking debris.
Roman, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 June 2001.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
Mapping as part of NMP project revealed the traces of a possible enclosure and boundary ditches of probable Roman date (NHER 52267) within the area of these finds.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Monument Types

  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • HARNESS (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ARMOUR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SURGICAL INSTRUMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOILET ARTICLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Gurney, D. (NLA). 1992. Site visit to 'Raider challenge' (go kart) track in grounds of Caister Hall Hotel. 28 May.
<S2>Illustration: Jenkins, T.. 1995. Drawing of a Roman pin.. Paper. 1:1.
<S3>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S4>Illustration: Davies, J.. 1996. Drawing of an Iron Age terret fragment.. Paper. 1:1.

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