Parish Summary: Little Ellingham

This Parish Summary is an overview of the large amount of information held for the parish, and only selected examples of sites and finds in each period are given. It has been beyond the scope of the project to carry out detailed research into the historical background, documents, maps or other sources, but we hope that the Parish Summaries will encourage users to refer to the detailed records, and to consult the bibliographical sources referred to below. Feedback and any corrections are welcomed by email to heritage@norfolk.gov.uk

The parish of Little Ellingham is northwest of Great Ellingham. The hamlet of Anchor Green is located in the south and there are a number of scattered farms, houses and industrial units.

Little is known about the archaeology of the parish, mainly because little archaeological work has been carried out. A number of site visits have taken place, some sites have been identified on aerial photographs, a few objects have been found by chance and a few post medieval buildings survive, but there has been virtually no metal detecting or fieldwalking. All the recorded sites are located in the northwestern two thirds of the parish, with none recorded in the southeastern third.

Hardly any artefacts dating to before the Norman Conquest of 1066 have been discovered. Five prehistoric objects have been recorded, a Neolithic flint axehead (NHER 2958), three Bronze Age copper alloy palstaves and a Late Iron Age brooch (NHER 34598). A brooch is the only definite Roman object, although a whetstone recovered in the west is either Roman or medieval. An iron spear found in the northeast may be Saxon or medieval. 

St Peter's Church from the south, showing the west tower, the chancel and the nave.

St Peter's Church, Little Ellingham. From left to right are the tower, nave and chancel. (© NCC)

Little Ellingham is called ‘Ellingha’ in the Domesday Book of 1086. This Old English name means the ‘homestead of Ella’s or Eli’s people’. In 1086 King William I and William of Warenne held the land in the parish and villagers, smallholders, meadow, ploughs, woodland, pigs, cattle, sheep and goats were recorded. The first recorded use of the prefix ‘Little’ is in a document of 1242.

St Peter’s Church (NHER 9109) is located in the village. The southwest tower and parts of the chancel date to the 13th and/or early 14th century. As much of the medieval building was destroyed during a fire in 1867, the rest of the existing structure dates to the subsequent rebuilding. To the north of the church is Rectory Cottage (NHER 29939). This was probably built in the late medieval period as a hall house, but only one end of this structure survives. Most of the existing building is 19th century and alterations were made during the 20th century. 

The 19th century clock tower at Little Ellingham Hall showing the cupola and the surrounding cottages.

The 19th century clock tower at Little Ellingham Hall showing the cupola and surrounding cottages. (© NCC)

Medieval earthworks (NHER 29581), including a possible wood boundary, a pond and a possible toft, survive to the north of the village. Medieval pottery has been collected from the possible toft. In the northwest a medieval moated site, including two moats and an enclosure, is visible on aerial photographs. Some earthworks survived until 1960 and during the 19th century undated human bones were found in the area between the two moats. Relatively close by a possible moat (NHER 13060) and probable medieval tofts and field boundaries (NHER 33950) have been identified.

Post medieval buildings include Glebe Cottage, the Old Rectory and Rookery Farmhouse. Little Ellingham Hall (NHER 9110) and its associated clock tower were both built in 1855 and are located in the village, northwest of the church. The only recorded post medieval object is a key recovered north of the Hall. Faden’s map of 1797 shows a kiln in the northwest.

David Robertson, 10 May 2006.

 

Further Reading

Ashwin, T. & Davison, A., 2005. An Historical Atlas of Norfolk (Chichester, Phillimore)

Barringer, C., 1989. Faden’s Map of Norfolk (Dereham, Larks Press)

Brown, P. (ed.), 1984. Domesday Book: Norfolk (Chichester, Phillimore)

Knott, S., 2006. 'St Peter, Little Ellingham'. Available: http://www.norfolkchurches.co.uk/littleellingham/littleellingham.htm. Accessed: 10 May 2006.

Mills, A. D., 1998. Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford, Oxford University Press)

Rye, J., 1991. A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names (Dereham, Larks Press)

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