Record Details

NHER Number:9392
Type of record:Monument
Name:Earlham deserted medieval village

Summary

This is the site of a deserted medieval village. It was depopulated in 1657 but was mentioned in the Domesday Book and Nomina Villarum, which reveals that it was assessed for tax in 1334, and Black Death relief in 1352-4. Attempts to find physical evidence of the village revealed a series of earthworks and a hollow way, within Earlham Park and the vicinity of Earlham Hall, that possibly relate to this former settlement. Aerial photographs have revealed earthworks of the hollow way and other linear earthworks probably related to post medieval park features, as well as three possible cropmark enclosures in the vicinity of the deserted medieval village, all of which have been recorded under NHER 33727.

Images - none

Documents/files/web pages

Location

Grid Reference:TG 190 081
Map Sheet:TG10NE
Parish:EARLHAM, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Site of deserted medieval village.
Depopulated by the crown 1657. (Thus Ordnance Survey record; there was of course no crown in 1657. Blomefield says Thomas Houghton died 'seized of the manorial rights' in 1657 and Robert Houghton then sold them.) Mentioned in Domesday and Nomina Villarum: assessed for 42/- tax in 1334, Black Death relief in 1352-4, 31% tax relief in 1449.
Earlham Field still open in 1641.
Information from OS records (S1).

No signs seen on aerial photographs by Ordnance Survey investigators taken in 1956. Allison (deserted medieval village researcher) notes a hollow way in park south of road 1955.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

6 October 1976. Seen by E. Rose (NAU).
It is deep but runs directly from entrance to Earlham Hall, and suggest it is in fact a later drive to the hall, now disused. It joins road directly opposite another short hollow way leading to Earlham Lodge, but this appears to be coincidence. There are slight undulations each side of the hollow way south of road, but too indistinct for interpretation.
E. Rose (NAU).

See report by T. Williamson (S2) in file for discussion of earthworks in this area, some of which he suggests could be of medieval date but agrees the 'hollow way' is a vista.
E. Rose (NAU) 4 October 1989.

July 1989.
Earlham Park: earthworks in vicinity of the dovecote.
Part survey undergraduates CEAS.
See file.

However, see Historic Parks Survey (S3) for another hollow way, a genuine one, south of the Hall rather than the road. Was there confusion here?
E. Rose (NLA) 24 July 1998.

July 2010. Norfolk NMP.
Aerial photographs (S4-S8) have revealed earthworks of the hollow way and other linear earthworks probably related to post medieval park features, as well as three possible cropmark enclosures in the vicinity of the deserted medieval village, all of which have been recorded under NHER 33727, as they are likely to date to the post medieval period.
E. Bales (NMP), 20 July 2010.

Monument Types

  • EARTHWORK (Unknown date)
  • ENCLOSURE? (Unknown date)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EARTHWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Earlham.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards.
<S2>Unpublished document: Hoggett, R. and Williamson, T.. 2006. Forgotten Heritage: the landscape history of the Norwich suburbs - a pilot study..
<S3>Unpublished document: Norfolk County Council. Inventory of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Norfolk..
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. TG1807 C-D RAF 106G/UK/1606 2075-6 27-JUN-1946 (NAPL).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1633 5058-9 09-JUL-1946 (NMR).
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1964. OS/64206 034-5 22-SEPT-1964 (NMR).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D. NLA. 1976. NHER TG 1908A (NLA 32/AFZ20) 13-JUL-1976.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. XXXX. CUCAP RC8A 137-8 28-NOV-XXXX (CUCAP).

Related records - none

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