Record Details

NHER Number:845
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon buildings and extensive medieval friary buildings

Summary

This site is situated inside the Greyfriars Precinct (NHER 373), and repeated excavation in this area in the 1990s has recorded an exciting number of Late Saxon to medieval features, confirming the occupation of this site by the Greyfriars in the medieval period. Early medieval evidence includes 12th century cess and quarry pits, post holes, and beam slots, as well as an 11th century timber building and ditch. Features from the medieval period include flint walls, as well as further walls, pits and cellars along a street frontage that appear to pre-date the friary acquisition of this area of land in the 15th century. The Friary Precinct wall was also traced along King Street, where it abutted with a friary building which contained lead pipe, a doorway and floors. Further priory building footings were also recorded, along with a well preserved bell-casting pit post dating 1400. In addition a number of undated pits and a large amount of destruction debris were noted. Small objects included Late Saxon to post medieval pottery sherds, worked limestone, architectural fragments, window glass, an oyster shell painter's palette, a 15th century silver bracelet and post medieval cloth seals.

Images - none

Documents/files/web pages

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2345 0858
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

26 January 1990 to 6 April 1990. Trial excavation carried out. Ten trenches around 3.5m x 3.5m.
12th century pits, post holes, beam slots. Large amount of Thetford-type ware pottery. Evidence of medieval structures, including standing flint walls. Some pieces of worked limestone. Also pits and large amount of destruction debris. Post medieval deposits survive at east end of site and 'islands' at the west end. One piece of Ipswich Ware.
Documentary sources including (S1) in file.
Compiled by H. Wallis (NAU), 24 April 1990.

See previous work conducted in 1987 detailed in (S2).
T. Sunley (NLA) 8 November 2007.

1992. Full excavation commenced. Details to come.

1994 excavation season produced medieval pits and cellars along street frontage predating friary acquisition around 1400.
Precinct wall traced along King Street abutted by friary building containing lead pipe, doorway and floors; east wall had subsided into a pit. Evidence of subsequent repair.
Well preserved bell casting pit post 1400.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 July 1996.

The 1995 season produced an 11th century timber building and ditch, 12th century cess and quarry pits, further footings of the priory, architectural fragments, window glass, an oyster shell painter's palette, 15th century silver bracelet and post medieval cloth seals.
E. Rose (NLA), 14 April 1997.

1990-1995. Excavations.
See (S17) for further details.
S. Howard (NLA), 26 November 2009.

13 July 1993. NAU aerial photography.
Photographs showing Castle Mall excavations under way.
See (S3), (S4) and (S5).
S. Massey (NLA), 8 February 2001.

Press cuttings (S6) to (S15) in file.
T. Sunley (NLA) 8 November 2007.

Excavation published in (S16).
B. S. Ayers (NMAS) 20th August 2008.

2000.
A desk-based assesment on a site within the former medieval Greyfriars precinct draws attention to its archaeological potential, including evidence for Middle Saxon/early medieval occupation.
See (S18) (S19)
D. Holburn (HES), 14 November 2011.

2003.
An Archaeological Impact Assessment and Mitigation strategy recommended preservation in situ across a proposed development site, and preservation by record following excavation of a 30m by 7.5m area.
See (S20)
E. Bales (HES), 3 September 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CELLAR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FRIARY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUARRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRACELET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PAGE HOLDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PALETTE (COSMETIC) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Graphic Material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1993. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1992. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt IV pp 522-532. p 528.
---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. p 406.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. p 119.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1991. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1990. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLI Pt II pp 240-246. p 243.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1995. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1994. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 230-239. p 235.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Emery, P. 2000. Former Mann Egerton Site, Rose Lane and Greyfriars Road, Norwich: Report on an Archaeological Impact Assessment/Desk Top Survey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 562.
---Monograph: Emery, P. A. and Rutledge, E. 2007. Norwich Greyfriars: Pre-Conquest Town and Medieval Friary. East Anglian Archaeology. No 120.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Hale, R.. The Greyfriars of Norwich (1226-1538).
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Ayers, B. S. Jul 1987. Trial Pits - Rose Lane, Norwich: 24th June, 1987. Norfolk Archaeological Unit.
<S3>Aerial Photograph: TG2308 AZY-ABJ,BAP-BAW.
<S4>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2308BEB - BEP.
<S5>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG 2308BFE - BFF.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 26 Nov 1992.
<S7>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 24 Jul 1991.
<S8>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 27 Dec 1994.
<S9>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 14 May 1993.
<S10>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 6 Mar 1993.
<S11>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1 Feb 1994.
<S12>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 21 Jan 1994.
<S13>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 4 Oct 1995.
<S14>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 26 Jan 1994.
<S15>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 24 Oct 1991.
<S16>Article in Serial: Emery, P.A.. 2007. Norwich Greyfriars:Pre-Conquest and Medieval Friary. East Anglian Archaeology.
<S17>Unpublished Document: Emery, P. (NAU). 2002. Norwich Greyfriars: Excavations at the former Mann Egerton Site, Prince of Wales Road, Norwich..
<S18>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 722.
<S19>Unpublished Document: Emery, P. 2000. NAU Report No. 562. Former Mann Egerton Site, Rose Lane/Greyfriars Rd, Norwich: Archaeological Impact Assessment/Desk Top Survey.
<S20>Unpublished Contractor Report: Percival, J. W. 2003. The former Mann Egerton site, Greyfriars Road/Rose Lane, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategy. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 827.

Related records

373Part of: Greyfriars' Precinct, Norwich (Monument)

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