Record Details

NHER Number:57399
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probably medieval to post medieval field system in Kimberley Park

Summary

Parts of a probable medieval to post medieval field system are visible as earthworks and cropmarks on aerial photographs. It is one of several such systems visible within the confines of Kimberley Park (NHER 30466). In this case the system surrounds and overlies a probable medieval manorial site, Downham Hall (NHER 13746). A ditched boundary, interpreted as a hollow way, cuts across the manorial site from northeast to southwest, seemingly indicating its disuse but perhaps originally part of an internal subdivision. Certainly it seems plausible that at least some elements of the field system originated in the medieval period, when the manorial site was still in use, but perhaps continued in use into the post medieval period. Fields and enclosures to the south of the site (NHER 29755), which are of similar character, may also be related and/or contemporary features.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0964 0452
Map Sheet:TG00SE
Parish:WYMONDHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

July 2012. Norfolk NMP.
Some of the earthworks described below, in close proximity to NHER 13746, were previously recorded as part of that site.

Parts of a probable medieval to post medieval field system are visible as earthworks and cropmarks on aerial photographs (S1)-(S6), centred at TG 0963 0452. It is one of several such systems visible within the confines of Kimberley Park (NHER 30466). In this case the system surrounds and overlies a probable medieval manorial site, Downham Hall (NHER 13746). A ditched boundary, interpreted as a hollow way, cuts across the manorial site from northeast to southwest, seemingly indicating its disuse but perhaps originally part of an internal subdivision, as suggested in the Scheduling Report for NHER 13746 (S7) (see Secondary File for NHER 13746). As with NHER 13746 itself, and for Kimberley Park as a whole, there is significant potential for further work correlating the features mapped by NMP with earlier records and cartographic sources. Certainly it seems plausible that at least some elements of the field system originated in the medieval period, when the manorial site was still in use, but perhaps continued in use into the post medieval period. For example, the irregular shape of the northeasternmost field perhaps reflects an early origin, possibly as an outer precinct boundary for the manorial enclosure. In contrast, the southwesternmost ditched elements of the field system are somewhat different in character and may be relatively modern and/or of non-archaeological origin. Fields and enclosures to the south of the site (NHER 29755), which are of similar character to the main parts of the field system, may be related and/or contemporary features.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 22 July 2012.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • HOLLOW WAY? (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY? (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/52 5240-2 31-JAN-1946 (NMR).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1606 1091-2 27-JUN-1946 (NMR).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 4127-8 09-JUL-1946 (NMR).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1973. OS/73320 071-2 16-JUN-1973 (NMR).
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1989. NHER TG 0904S, U (NLA 216/DPZ5, 7) 21-FEB-1989.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Getmapping plc and Google. 2006. Getmapping plc and Google XX-XXX-2006 (Google Earth TG 0933 0437).
<S7>Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report. For NHER 13746.

Related records

30466Part of: Kimberley Park (Monument)
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