Record Details

NHER Number:49361
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks of farmstead or enclosure complex of possible Iron Age to Roman date

Summary

A farmstead or enclosure complex of possible Iron Age and/or Roman date is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Although the cropmarks themselves are undated, their rectilinear shape is characteristic of sites of late prehistoric and Roman date, and Roman period finds have been recovered from the surrounding area (e.g. NHER 20189). The orientation of the enclosures or farmstead, and what may be the fragmentary remains of an associated field system, appears to pre-date elements of both the modern landscape, such as Church Lane, and the extensive cropmarks of a possibly Roman to post medieval field system (NHER 49360) which are visible across the same area. Fragments of a third, possibly earlier field system (NHER 49362) are also visible immediately to the northeast.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3039 2268
Map Sheet:TG32SW
Parish:TUNSTEAD, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

April 2007. Norfolk NMP.
A rectilinear arrangement of ditches is visible on aerial photographs (S1)-(S4). The site is centred at TG 3040 2270 but the main area of cropmarks lies in the northern part of the site, around TG 3026 2286. The subdivided nature of the northwestern enclosure suggests that it could represent a farmstead, while the rectilinear arrangement of the cropmarks is a characteristic of Iron Age and/or Roman sites. The orientation of the cropmarks is clearly slighted by Church Lane, and the site would also appear to be older than the extensive cropmarks of a possibly Roman to post medieval field system (NHER 49360) which surround it. Fragments of a third, possibly earlier field system (NHER 49362) are also visible immediately to the northeast.

The principal enclosure is roughly rectangular in shape and measures 128m long and 81.5m wide. Internal subdivisions define a second rectangular enclosure in its eastern corner, measuring 56.5m by 37m. Parts of further, conjoined enclosures are visible to the southeast and south. The northern part of the enclosure group seems to be formed by a trackway or 'corridor'. More fragmentary cropmarks visible to the southeast may represent part of a contemporary field system.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 30 April 2007.

September 2006. Vertical Aerial Photograph.
Rectilinear feature and ditches are visible on Google Earth imagery.
See (S5) for further details).
D. Lefeuvre (HES), 7 February 2011.

Monument Types

  • FARMSTEAD (Unknown date)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FARMSTEAD (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Late Bronze Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S!>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 4083-4 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 3022B, TG 3122B).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1963. RAF 543/2331 (F21) 0056-7 25-JUL-1963 (NMR).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1976. MAL 76053 104, 106 29-JUN-1976 (NMR).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 2072 29-AUG-1988 (NCC 4289).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Infoterra and Bluesky Ltd. 2006. Infoterra Ltd and Bluesky 10-SEP-2006 (Google Earth TG303222740)..

Related records - none

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