Record Details

NHER Number:37821
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman features and multi-period finds, Bacton to King's Lynn Transco Pipeline

Summary

Archaeological investigations revealed pit-like anomalies and multi-period finds. Subsequent excavation in 2003 revealed evidence of a small settlement dating to around the 1st century AD. Additionally, a small quantity of residual Iron Age pottery suggests pre-Roman activity on the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 82874 18280
Map Sheet:TF81NW
Parish:ROUGHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

November 2002 - January 2003. Fieldwalking, metal detecting and geophysical survey. Bacton to King's Lynn Transco pipeline. Construction section 6, plot number 226.
The fieldwalking survey identified a small but significant concentration of cultural material toward the western boundary of this plot. This consisted of a small scatter of four sherds of possibly Roman, and one sherd of medieval pottery, and a single flint flake (S1). In addition, the geophysical survey identified a number of significant linear and pit-like anomalies in the same area (S2).
J. Allen (NLA) 30 August 2006.

March - August 2003. Excavation.
Excavation revealed evidence that clearly shows that a small settlement had been established by the 1st century AD. A small quantity of residual Iron Age pottery suggests pre-Roman activity on the site. Pits, post holes, gullies, a ditch and a double ditched enclosure were found. Iron Age and Roman pottery and prehistoric flints
See (S3).
J. Allen (NLA) 30 August 2006.

March 2003. Before archaeological excavation on gas pipeline plot 226, where topsoil scraped back and 'many dark spots and lines across the rather yellow subsoil' (letter from finder) were visible.
Rim sherd of bowl, sandy with some fine rounded white inclusions (which have leached out on surfaces and old breaks), slightly soft, oxidised with reduced exterior and small patches of reduction on interior. Weighing 22g, but fresh break along one side of sherd. External decoration of rippling and grooving. Probably a carinated bowl of Belgic derivation. See (S4), nos. 55 and 65 and in Gregory's fabric group r. Second half of first century.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 14 April 2003.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOUBLE DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GULLY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CHARCOAL (Unknown date)
  • SAMPLE (Unknown date)
  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BLADE (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 50 AD to 99 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished document: Transco/Network Archaeology. 2003. Network Archaeology Report No. 184. Bacton to Kings Lynn Proposed Gas Pipeline. Archaeological field reconnaissance, fieldwalking, metal detecting and geophysical survey.. vol 1 and 2.
<S2>Unpublished document: Transco/Pre-Construct Geophysics. 2003. Pre-Construct Geophysics Report No. BKL02. Fluxgate Gradiometer and Magnetic Susceptibility Surveys: Bacton to King's Lynn Gas Pipeline.. vol 1 and 2.
<S3>Unpublished document: Transco/Network Archaeology. 2004. Post-Excavation Assessment of Potential for Analysis and Updated Project Design: Report and Appendices.. Vol 1 & 2. pp15-17.
<S4>Monograph: Gregory, A.. 1991. Excavations in Thetford, Fison Way.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol.53, parts 1-2.

Related records - none

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