Record Details

NHER Number:38183
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of possible medieval settlement, Holt House Farm

Summary

A concentration of medieval pottery recovered during a fieldwalking survey carried out by APS in 2003 in advance of mineral extraction suggests that this is the site of a small medieval settlement. Prehistoric flints, Roman pottery, and medieval and post medieval pottery and other finds were also recovered. Excavation in 2007 revealed evidence for domestic and industrial activity dating from the late Bronze Age to the late Iron Age and Roman periods.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 68088 18114
Map Sheet:TF61NE
Parish:LEZIATE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

April 2003. APS Fieldwalking. Contexts 1 to 219.
Fieldwalking in advance of proposed mineral extraction. Artefact densities were generally low, although one scatter of medieval pottery (64 sherds) was identified at the extreme western end of this site. This may indicate the position of a small, isolated settlement. Little medieval material was recovered in the eastern part of the site. A notable number of slag fragments were also found (many of which were smelting slag), the majority recovered in the central southern part of the site. The smelting slag was not itself closely datable, although a Roman date is likely for much of this assemblage, given the proximity to a known iron-working site of this date (NHER 3382). although one of the smithing slag fragments was though to be medieval in date.

This other finds recovered included:
1 undatable prehistoric retouched flint nodule.
1 Mesolithic/Early Neolithic heavily patinated blade core.
2 ?Neolithic worked flints, including 1 retouched flake and 1 core fragment.
1 Neolithic/Bronze Age burnt scraper.
2 ?Bronze Age worked flints, including 1 utilised flake and 1 retouched flake.
3 Roman pottery sherds (1 Samian, 2 greyware).
1 medieval lead biconical spindle whorl.
1 ?post-medieval ?gunflint.
6 post-medieval metal objects, including 1 purse frame, 1 ?belt strap end, 1 iron spike, 1 stamped disc, 1 thimble and 1 iron file.
See report (S1) in file for further details. This work was also reported in (S2).
J. Allen (NLA), 17 October 2003.

February 2007. APS archaeological 'strip, map and sample'.
Evidence for domestic and industrial activity dating from the late Bronze Age to the late Iron Age and Roman periods was recovered during archaeological monitoring. A series of late Bronze Age pits contained Bronze Age post-Deverel-Rimbury plain wares probably from a nearby settlement. Evidence of iron smelting was also recovered and two, possibly three, structures interpreted as furnace bases were revealed and the occurrence of slag in nearby pits. The radiocarbon date from organic material inclusions within the slag gave a date of between 4th and 3rd century BC.
S. Howard (NLA), 3 December 2009.
See (S2-3) for details.
Original report details still to come.

September 2007. ALSF NHER Enhancement Sub-Unit D.
The excavations of a Roman iron smelting and smithing site in this location are recorded as NHER 3382. A gradiometry survey and evaluation by NAU on the same site is recorded as NHER 34086.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FURNACE? (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SHRINE? (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • SLAG (Unknown date)
  • WHETSTONE (Unknown date)
  • BLADE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Early Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 10000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FLAKE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GUNFLINT? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RIVET (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Unpublished document: Cope-Faulkner, P.. 2003. Archaeological Project Services Report No. 144/03. Fieldwalking on land at Holt House Farm, Wicken, Leziate, Norfolk..
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Hoggett, R. (eds). 2008. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2007. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt III pp 441-452. p 446.
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 580.
<S3>Unpublished document: Cope-Faulkner, P. & Failes, A.. 2010. Archaeological Project Services Report No. 19/10. Assessment of the archaeological remains and an updated project design for excavation at Holt House Farm, Wicken, Norfolk.. September.

Related records

34086Related to: Post medieval and undated ditches and low-density scatter of finds of prehistoric to post-medieval date (Monument)
3382Related to: Roman iron smelting and smithing site, Wicken Quarry (Monument)

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