Record Details

NHER Number:4079
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman small town or village and multi-period finds

Summary

Stray finds, fieldwalking and metal detecting have revealed a Roman small town or large village beside the junction of two roads (NHER 2796). Roman artefacts collected include pottery, coins, metalwork and metal working debris. The large amount of metal working debris suggests considerable industrial activity. Other objects discovered include Neolithic or Bronze Age flint artefacts and fragments of Early Saxon brooches, along with medieval and post medieval pottery and metalwork.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 87 16
Map Sheet:TF81NE
Parish:KEMPSTONE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Roman small town or village beside the Brampton to Denver Road (NHER 2796).
Area of about 12 hectares (S1).

1957.
Roman sherds and slag found.

1968.
Further finds Roman sherds and slag.

1975 to 1976.
Roman sherds and slag.

1979.
Roman and medieval sherds on surface and in ditch digging.

1980.
Roman sherds and Neolithic/Bronze Age flint found.

1988 to 1990. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon brooches (S3, S4, S5 and S6), Roman and medieval metalwork and coins.
See full list, site plans (S2) and coin lists in file.
E. Rose (NAU), 3 August 1990.

March 1991. Metal detecting.
Roman and medieval coins, Roman mount.
See file for details.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 April 1991.

12 October 2009. Metal detecting.
7 Roman and 1 medieval coin, Romano-British and undatable metal objects.
See lists and map in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 February 2010.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TOWN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VILLAGE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • LOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • MIRROR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 200 AD to 400 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1500 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Ashwin, T. & Davison, A. (eds). 2005. An Historical Atlas of Norfolk.. p.33. pp 28-29.
---Photograph: 1991. LBV 15-16, Romano British head..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Kempstone.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: EWZ 3-4, EXJ 4-5.
<S1>Monograph: Wade-Martins, P. 1980. Fieldwork and Excavation on Village Sites in Launditch Hundred, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 10. p 30.
<S2>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1988. Drawing of an Early Saxon knob from a cruciform brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1988. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch fragment.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1988. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch headplate.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1990. Drawing of an Early Saxon knob from a cruciform brooch.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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