Record Details

NHER Number:26508
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early post medieval occupation, Ber Street/Thorn Lane/Horns Lane

Summary

In 1999 an evaluation of land on the eastern side of Ber Street in advance of redevelopment recorded a number of post medieval features. No Saxon or medieval period features were noted. The earliest recorded activity appears to date to the late 15th to 17th centuries, a series of deep pits and depressions apparently representing quarrying of the underlying sand and clay. Metalworking debris, including numerous fragments of clay bell-mould, were deliberately dumped in these features. It is likely that bellfounding was carried out on an industrial scale at the site or nearby during the 16th or early 17th century, and this may be the site of such scale noted in Norwich.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2331 0806
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Ber Street/Thorn Lane/Horns Lane.
Includes area of sites NHER 422, NHER 362, NHER 26177.

April 1999. Former waste paper depot, including Royal Oak Court.
Evaluation trenches revealed traces of medieval quarries, perhaps collapsed mines, later infilled with metalworking debris, one with a timber? bridge? over it. Evidence of late medieval bellfounding.
Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery.
Medieval metalwork and animal remains.
Traces of post medieval houses.
See full report in file.
Compiled by E. Rose (NLA), 2 July 1999.

Summary of NAU Report 422 (S1):
Evaluation took place on 26th April to 19th May on two adjacent plots of land on the eastern side of Ber Street in advance of redevelopment. The origins of urban development on Ber Street and in the surrounding area are not well understood, but no Saxon or medieval features were encountered during the work. The earliest recorded activity appears to date to the late 15th to 17th centuries, a series of deep pits and depressions apparently representing quarrying of the underlying sand and clay. Metalworking debris, including numerous fragments of clay bell-mould, were deliberately dumped in these features. It is likely that bellfounding was carried out on an industrial scale at the site or nearby during the 16th or early 17th century. Quarrying activity seems to have been quite short-lived and a thick 'garden soil' accumulated across the site during the post medieval period. A timber structure recorded in one of the trenches was of uncertin date and function.
For further details see (S1).
See also (S2).

Monument Types

  • BEAM SLOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD? to 1699 AD?)
  • QUARRY (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1400 AD? to 1699 AD?)
  • BELL FOUNDRY (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD? to 1650 AD?)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HEARTH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • NAIL (Undated)
  • ROD (Undated)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Undated)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLENCH NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ECOFACTS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISH REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOULD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD? to 1650 AD?)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD? to 1650 AD?)
  • FLOOR TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOBACCO PIPE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: Shelley, A.. 1999. PXH.
---Slide: Shelley, A.. 1999. Slides 1-106, Thorn Lane and Horns Lane, Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: NAU. 1999. NAU Report No. 422. Report on an Arcaheological Evaluation between Thorn Lane and Horns Lane, Ber Street, Norwich.. June.
<S2>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2000. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1999. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt III pp 521-543. p 531.

Related records

Site 1062Parent of: 50-52 Ber Street (Monument)
26177Parent of: Area of no archaeological finds or features, Nos 50 to 52 Ber Street (Negative evidence)
422Parent of: Area of no archaeological finds or features, Nos 60-64 Ber Street (Negative evidence)
Mon 1474Parent of: Ber Street Between Thorn and Horns Lanes (Monument)
Mon 1475Parent of: Ber Street Between Thorn and Horns Lanes (Monument)
Mon 1476Parent of: Ber Street Between Thorn and Horns Lanes (Monument)
39789Parent of: Late Saxon structure and medieval and post medieval industry, Numbers 36 to 58 Ber Street (Monument)
362Parent of: Post medieval pottery sherds (Find Spot)
Site 774Parent of: Thorn Lane (south side) (Monument)
Mon 530Parent of: Thorn Lane (south side) (Monument)

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