Record Details

NHER Number:25845
Type of record:Building
Name:The Cottages, Town Street

Summary

The Cottages, Town Street were originally a single building. They form part of the front range of a 13th century building, probably of U-shaped plan, which may have been a lodging, guest-house or warehouse associated with one of the sixteen religious houses established in the Upwell area during the medieval period. A number of the buildings in this area are recorded as belonging to Ramsey Abbey in 1200 and Ely in 1251, so this building may be associated with one of those. The remains of two ogee doorways survive, although the building was cut down and heavily altered in the 19th century, to which period the interior dates.

An archaeological evaluation in 2001 recovered evidence for settlement on this site, contemporary with and pre dating the establishment of the 13th century buildings. Pits and postholes, as well as domestic and building material, were recovered. A heap of stones at the rear of the property included a number of fragments of medieval worked stone, including a 13th century colonette, a respond, cusped tracery of the 14th to 15th centuries, and a gargoyle. This evidence again suggests that this site is related to the Ely or Ramset monasteries.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 5045 0277
Map Sheet:TF50SW
Parish:UPWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Medieval building of Barnack Stone.
Probably originally U-shaped and a monastic lodging or warehouse - buildings recorded in this area belonging to Ramsey Abbey in 1200 and Ely in 1251. Remains of two ogee doorways. Cut down and altered in 19th century from which period the interior dates. See (S1) in secondary file.
Copy of listing grade II* (S2) in file.
Also listed separately as grade II is Church Bridge, described as substantial portion of right hand rear range of building, now used as workshop. Site transferred from Cambridgeshire during boundary changes in 1990.
E. Rose (NLA), September 1990.

July 2001. SAS (Soke Archaelogical Services) evaluation.
Revealed pits and post holes of Late Saxon or early medieval and later date.
See report in secondary file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 12 December 2001.

See also in file a report (S3) made in October 2001 on a great heap of very fine and large architectural fragments at the rear of the property, collected from around the site, and of various medieval dates.
See also (S5).
E. Rose (NLA), 22 October 2001.

November 2001. Metal detecting. On spoil heap of evaluation trench.
Two medieval metal objects including an elaborated pilgrim badge or brooch.
See list in secondary file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 February 2001.

English Heritage Listing:
The Cottages (East of Lloyds Bank), Town Street. Upwell.
Part of the front range of a medieval building, probably of U-plan, and possibly a lodging or guest house associated with one of the sixteen religious houses established in the Upwell area. Now two cottages. Coursed Barnack stone ashlar with only slight disturbance to front wall, some brick repairs to rear wall and partial rebuilding in brick to left hand gable end. Probably cut down in 19th century when pantiled roof and ridge stacks built and now of two storeys. On splayed plinth. Ogee headed arch to former central doorway, now blocked, flanked by attached chamfered shafts on octagonal bases with the upper edge splayed. The shafts have been cut down, the one to the north is stepped back at eaves height. Above the doorway is a splayed string-course. Left hand gable end has another original doorway with one side of the jamb chamfered. Inside all the details are of the 19th century.
See (S4).
Information from (S2)

Monument Types

  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WAREHOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PILGRIM BADGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: 1967. The Victoria History of the County of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 2.
---Unpublished document: Britchfield, D.. 2001. SAS Report SAS01/DB/19.
---Unpublished document: SAS. 2001. Evaluation at Two Street, Upwell. September.
---Photograph: 2002. KTB 36, Medieval pilgrim badge..
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Publication: Haigh, D.. 1988. The Religious Houses of Cambridgeshire. pp. 89 - 90.
<S2>Scheduling record: English Heritage. List of Buildings of Historical and Architectural Interest.
<S3>Unpublished document: Rose, E. (NLA). 2001. Building Report..
<S4>Monograph: Watson, W.. 1827. An Historical Account of the Town and Port of Wisbech in the Isle of Ely..
<S5>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 177.

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