Record Details

NHER Number:13361
Type of record:Building
Name:Bridewell, Wymondham


The Bridewell was built between 1785-7, on the site of a 17th century building. It was partially rebuilt in 1810, and altered at various dates in the 19th century. In 1994-6 trial excavations in the yard noted a medieval undercroft and passage.

Images - none

Documents/files/web pages


Grid Reference:TG 1129 0152
Map Sheet:TG10SW

Full description

1785-7, on site of 17th century building. Part rebuilt 1810, altered at various dates in 19th century.

1994-6 Trial excavations in yard, medieval undercroft and passage.
1995. Excavation. Carried out in the courtyard by the Wymondham Heritage Trust, prior to conversion for use as a heritage and social centre. An unexpected discovery was that of an attached barrel-vaulted undercroft of medieval date which had been incorporated into the later cellars. There is no other record of building on the site prior to the 17th century.
See secondary file for more details.
Principal for all years of excavation reference is (S2) and See (S6) for further information.
E. Rose (NLA), 2 September 1997 amended by M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 12 July 2013.

The prison consulted with miller William Cubitt and mill manufacturers on Norwich to produce a treadmill for them like that at Swaffham Gaol. Installed around 1822 it was removed when the prison was closed in 1825.
See (S4).
W. Arnold (HES), 16 February 2011.

November 2011. Historic building recording.
Building recording was undertaken ahead of proposals to convert the existing offices at No 14 into residential dwellings.
See (S5) for photographic survey.
S. Howard (HES), 22 December 2011.

Monument Types

  • UNDERCROFT (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • PRISON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1825 AD)
  • MAGISTRATES COURT (Post Medieval to Modern - 1787 AD? to 2050 AD?)
  • AMBULANCE GARAGE (Cold War to Modern - 1967 AD to 2002 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Graphic material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 1101W - Z.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1996. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1995. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 397-412. p 411.
---Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 563.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. Museum could run out of cash by 2014. 4 April.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: BPF 17, HBM 23-26, HVT 17-35, HFE 22-3.
<S1>Publication: Hawkins, J.. 1988. Wymondham Bridewell.
<S2>Publication: Jenson, N.. 1997. Wymondham Bridewell. & excav rpt.
<S3>Article in serial: 1997. Post Medieval Archaeology. Vol 31. p 280.
<S4>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.
<S5>Unpublished document: Lucas Hickman Smith Architects. 2011. Historic building recording pro forma report for The Wymondham Bridewell, Wymondham, Norfolk.. November.
<S6>Article in serial: Nenk, B. S., Margeson, S. and Hurley, M. 1996. Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1995. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XL pp 234-318. p275.

Related records - none

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