Record Details

NHER Number:13174
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval/post-medieval building and features, Church Hill

Summary

Archaeological evaluations and excavations here in 2000 recorded an infilled water channel related to Old Hall and the clay base of an outbuilding. All these features are probably of late 15th to early 17th century date. A gold ring was reportedly found here in 1827 and subsequent investigations during the period 1983-2002 have found a variety of artefacts including two potentially Palaeolithic worked flints, Saxon and medieval buckles and multi period pottery sherds. The large number of post-medieval pottery wasters suggests a kiln may once have been situated here. Fieldwalking in 2011 recovered Romano-British, Late Saxon/medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval pottery.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 23 97
Map Sheet:TM29NW
Parish:SAXLINGHAM NETHERGATE, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1827. Gold ring found.

1983. Iron Age? Late Saxon, medieval sherds.

1988. Fieldwalking.
2 undatable prehistoric flint flakes and 2 scrapers.
?Palaeolithic slightly patinated Levallois-type flint flake. Very well preserved if indeed Palaeolithic. This find is listed in (S2) and (S3), although no additional information is given.
1 Roman pottery sherd (2nd-century greyware base).
Late Saxon pottery sherds (Thetford-type ware).
Medieval pottery sherds.
Medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds.
Flints identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU) and other finds by T. Gregory (NAU). See list on (S1) (copy in Secondary File).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 28 January 2014.

1995. Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon buckles, medieval buckle, (S1).
See list in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 19 December 1995

6 March 2000. NAU evaluation on site of proposed car park.
Revealed an infilled water channel and the clay base of an out building, all probably of the late 15th to early 17th century date.
See report (S4) in file. This work was also reported in (S5).
D. Gurney (NLA) 18 August 2000.

Before 18 April 2002. Surface finds.
Two Late Medieval Transitional sherds, hard and overfired as many wasters from this site are. Both have been burnt/refired over parts of the fracture.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 16 September 2002.

2002. Stray Find.
Undatable prehistoric flint scraper (possibly Palaeolithic).
Identified by P. Robins (NCM), see description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 7 January 2003. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 28 January 2014.

22 April 2011. Surface finds.
Romano-British, Late Saxon/medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 10 June 2011.]

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BARN (Excavated, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Excavated, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POND (excavated, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WATERCOURSE (excavated, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BARN (Excavated, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BARN PLATFORM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATER CHANNEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LEVALLOIS FLAKE? (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Serial: Bryant, T. H.. 1898-1915. The Churches of Norfolk.. Vols 1-19..
---Unpublished Document: Robins, P.A.. Lithic Report.
---Photograph: KJJ.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: NAU. JRP.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Illustration: Jenkins, T.. 1995. Drawing of a medieval buckle.. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Wessex Archaeology. 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). p 67.
<S3>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22660.
<S4>Unpublished Document: NAU. 2000. NAU Report No. 487. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at Church Hill, Saxlingham Nethergate..
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 724.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service