Record Details

NHER Number:1071
Type of record:Monument
Name:Waterden deserted medieval village

Summary

This is the site of Waterden deserted medieval village. A number of earthworks are visible along the southeast of the valley, with further earthworks having been ploughed out to the northwest. The village was mentioned in the Domesday Book and the Nomina Villarum. Land enclosure began in 1604 and continued until the early 18th century, and was one of the reasons for abandonment. The manor house stood on the destroyed section to the west, and a picture of it in 1714 showed it with a Tudor porch-tower and tall chimneys. Over the years a large number of finds have been recovered from within the village limits including an Iron Age brooch, a fine medieval vessel, a medieval quernstone, various prehistoric pot boilers and flint implements as well as sherds of pottery dating from the Late Saxon to the post medieval period.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 88 36
Map Sheet:TF83NE
Parish:SOUTH CREAKE, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Waterden deserted medieval village. Earthworks along southeast of valley. Ploughed out earthworks to the northwest.

1974 and 1983. Context 1: Some Saxo-Norman and medieval pot.
A. Rogerson (NAU).

This village was mentioned in Domesday and in Nomina Villarum. Twenty-four taxpayers in 1332, thirty-six in 1377. Enclosures began 1604 and continued until early 18th century.
Context 2: at (see Notes). In 1968 a lower millstone of Niedermendig lava was ploughed from 0.6m (2ft) deep. Central socket hole and hole in a raised rim.
Information from member of the public [1].

The manor house stood on destroyed section to west. Scheduled area is under grass, earthworks excellently preserved, but best is northeast of farm road.
Picture on Halsey's map of 1714 (file) shows old hall as having Tudor porch-tower with angle buttresses, tall chimneys, and an extension but in same style.
E. Rose (NAU).

1991.
Earthworks under healthy grass cover, with a little poaching on banks east of pond.
Possible low earthworks north and east of house outside scheduled area.
Soilmarks showing to advantage along southeast of valley side.
H. Paterson (NLA) March 1991.

Early 1992. Metal detector finds.
Worked flint.
Roman, Late Saxon, medieval pottery.
Roman and medieval coin.
Medieval vessel.
From area of demolished mansion. List in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 29 September 1992.

Now farmed 'in hand'. Good grass cover on earthworks. Cattle/sheep grazing will continue.
H. Paterson (NLA) 24 March 1998.

Drawing found by S.White (NLA) in 1998, marked with this number and parish, of a bow of an Aylesford type brooch AD 1-50 found by member of the public [1].
No other record of this, or of any similar brooch found by that source in this parish. Copy in file.
E. Rose 24 April 1998.

Schedule boundary slightly altered 1998.
See new description which refers to cropmarks of garden of mansion visible.
E. Rose (NLA) 11 September 1998.

1994/1996. Metal detector finds (see Notes).
Neolithic flints, Roman and medieval sherds, post medieval coin, Iron Age brooch.
Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
Area of pot boilers and dark soil in south corner of field.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 June 1999.

See schedule and map in file.

29 July 1996. NLA aerial photography.
Earthworks visible.
H. Clare (NLA) 2 May 2001.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MANOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEVALLOIS CORE (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BROOCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: SL20-36.
---Aerial Photograph: TF8836 A-,ABH-ABN.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF8836/ABP - ABV.
---Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A.. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 104. p 74.
---Photograph: JJC 19-20, Middle Saxon ansate brooch..
---Illustration: Fox, D.E.. 1998. Drawing of the bow of an Iron Age brooch.. Film. 2:1.
---Article in serial: Wade-Martins, P. and Wade, K. 1967. Some Deserted Villages in Norfolk: Notes for Visitors. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 17 pp 2-8. p 6.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S1>Article in monograph: Wade-Martins, P., Fenner, G. and Goldsmith, R. 1982. Some Deserted Village Sites in Norfolk: V. Waterden. Trowse, Horning, Deserted Medieval Villages. East Anglian Arch. No 14. pp 66-78.
<S2>Documentary source: Halsey. 1714.
<S3>Article in serial: Allison, K. J. 1955. The Lost Villages of Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXI pp 116-162. p 160.

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