Record Details

NHER Number:1058
Type of record:Monument
Name:Great Palgrave deserted medieval village

Summary

This is the site of Great Palgrave deserted medieval village, which has only been partially scheduled. The village survived to the 15th century, and was mentioned in Domesday, but never had a church. Earthworks including streets survive in pasture, and part of a moat. The farmhouse itself appears to be of late 18th century date, with contemporary outbuildings and one of 1977.

Extensive investigations of the site between 1973 and 2004 recovered a range of multi-period metal objects along with forty-seven silver medieval coins that formed part of a scattered hoard and twelve rare Saxon pennies. Several fine medieval artefacts were also recovered from the area of the village, including a beautiful and complete spur buckle and a seal matrix with a motif depicting a lion fighting a dragon. Metal-detecting in 2010 and 2013 recovered Roman and medieval coins; a post-medieval token and a number of other metal obects, including a Roman copper alloy bead and medieval dress accessories box/casket hinge plate and lead spindle whorl.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF81SW
Parish:SPORLE WITH PALGRAVE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Great Palgrave deserted medieval village, part only scheduled. Village survived to 15th century, and was mentioned in Domesday, but never had a church. Earthworks including street survive in pasture, and part of a moat (context 2 at [1]).

Another moat to northwest (context 1 at [2]) and a possible moat [3] (context 4). St Joseph's aerial photographs show earthworks, and tracks running to the southeast and northwest (context 3). See 6 inch overlay and (S1).

1973.
On ploughed field at [4] much Late Saxon and medieval pottery found by P. Wade-Martins (NAU) and A. Rogerson (NAU).

26 March 1987.
Scheduled areas of earthworks in very good condition (but only seen from road and footpath). Area around moat though not scheduled, also seems to retain earthworks. Farmhouse appears late 18th century, with contemporary outbuildings and one of 1977.
E. Rose (NAU) 26 March 1987.

Pasture fields under healthy grass cover, with a little erosion around feed bins in south field. Mole disturbance throughout. Moat wet to north and east. Platform remains under conifer plantation. Some tipping of agricultural waste in south arm of moat. Much dead wood, and increase of scrub on banks and in moat bottom.
H. Paterson (NAU) January 1993.

1994. Metal detector finds. Context 4.
Roman coin. See list in file. Identified by J. Davies (NCM) 21 October 1994.
Group of 13th century gilt bronze harness fittings and finger ring.
Medieval ring brooch, bronze seal, coins and other metal objects.
Medieval coin hoard.
Details, list, Polaroid, drawings and notes in file.
Identifications by S. Margeson (NCM) 20 October 1994.
W. Milligan (NCM) 1 December 1994.

Some tree felling to be carried out on moat interior. No ground disturbance envisaged. [5]
H. Paterson (NLA), 6 December 1995.

1996. Metal detector finds. Context 4.
Two Roman coins.
One Late Saxon penny.
See lists in file. Identifications by J. Davies (NCM) 19 February 1997.
9th century strap end.
Medieval: spur buckle; 14th century buckle; 13th/15th century folding strap clasp; horse harness pendant; buckle; annular brooch; strap end; belt mounts; lead seal matrix blank.
Medieval/early post medieval knife end cap.
Medieval gilded silver ring brooch.
Identifications by H. Geake (NCM) and A. Rogerson (NLA) 1996.
Drawing and Polaroid in file.
W. Milligan (NCM) 5 February 1997.

1997. Metal detecting. Context 4.
Two Roman, one Late Saxon, two medieval and one post medieval coin.
One medieval jetton.
Early Saxon, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and undatable metal work.

Also 1997. Metal detecting. Context 4. NCM Enquiry No: E0877 (26 November 1997).
One Roman, one Late Saxon and one medieval coin.
See lists in file.
K. Sussams (NCM) 13 May 1998.

Some lopping of conifer branches has been undertaken. Elder scrub increasing. This will be cut back. Moat wet and/or boggy. Earthworks under good grass cover, grazed by horses/cattle.
H. Paterson (NLA) 26 February 1998.

1998. Metal detector find. Context 4.
Three medieval coins. NCM EAC.E06888. See list in file.
Rather beautiful medieval spur buckle. D-shaped frame and longitudinal plate with surviving bronze pin. Frame has grooved pin rest with tiny moulding to either side. Beyond pin hole is a transverse moulding geometric decoration of double rows of triangular punch marks. Two decorative holes (set transversely) before a trefoil terminal. Two bronze rivets, one near pin hole and one on terminal, both with square bronze roves. A complete example is rare.
Bronze medieval seal matrix with conical handle with slight hexagonal facetting, rising to a triple collar and quatrefoil, pierced terminal. Circular die engraved with a lion fighting a dragon with legend: 'LEO PVGNATI.VN DRAGON'. Very nicely made, but small and corroded. 14th century. Polaroid taken, cast made by NCM.
K. Sussams (NCM) 20 April 1999.

1998. Metal detecting. Context 4.
Late Saxon brooch, Late Saxon strap end.
Medieval coin.
See list in file.
Identifications by V. Fryer (NCM) 1998.
K. Sussams (NCM) 13 May 1999.

1998. Metal detecting. Context 4. NCM Enquiry No: E1217.
Roman brooch, bracelet fragment.
Medieval: eight metal objects.
K. Hinds (NLA) 25 January 2000.

1998.Context 4.
Post Roman coin list includes eight coins from the previously reported hoard, see confidential file.
List includes amendments by [6].
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 September 2000.

1999. Metal detecting. Context 4. NCM Enquiry No: E1243.
Two Roman, twelve medieval (including a Henry I) coins.
Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 June 2000.

Schedule in file.

Before June 2000. Metal detecting. Context 4.
Five medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 26 February 2002.

Context 4. Further finds not reported to the NHER, see manuscript list by J. A. Davies (NCM), photocopy of Treasure Annual Report 1998-1999, photocopy of three coin identifications from 1998 and list by [7] of twenty-three coins found in 1999.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 April 2003.

March 2003. Metal detecting.
Five more coins from scattered hoard disclaimed as Treasure April 2003.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 13 May 2003.

2003 (before 1 October). Metal detecting. Context 4.
Two medieval coins additional to hoard and medieval metal objects.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 3 January 2004.

2003-2004. Metal detecting.
Four more coins from hoard. One medieval coin.
Roman, ?Early Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists and drawing in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 9 April 2004.

Before 9 April 2004. Metal detecting. Context 4.
One Roman and one Late Saxon coin. Two medieval coins (hoard additional).
Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 July 2004.

Before 28 July 2004. Metal detecting. Context 4.
Two medieval coins.
Medieval and undatable metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 September 2004.

2004, before December 13. Metal detecting. Context 4.
Eight more coins from scattered coin hoard and one other medieval coin.
Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 March 2005.

2008. Metal detecting
Iron Age/ Roman brooch, medieval mount, medieval coin and post-medieval coin,
see lists in file
A. Rogerson (NLA) 25 March 2009

October- November 2009. Metal detecting.
Medieval jetton and gilt mount, 15th / 16th-century buckle,
see lists in file
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 10 December 2009

September-October 2010. Metal-detecting.
Two medieval coins, and medieval and medieval/post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 03 November 2010.

September 2011.
New signed Management Statement received from owner.
K. Powell (HES), 9 September 2011.

October 2013. Metal-detecting. [8].
1 Roman coin and copper alloy bead.
2 medieval coins, bar mount, strap loop, probable strap junction, buckle, hinge plate from box/casket and lead spindle whorl.
1 post-medieval token.
Information from PAS import.
See finder's map in file.
A. Beckham (HES), 18 February 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EARTHWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CHAIN (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • BROOCH (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Late Iron Age - 10 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 275 AD to 286 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • INGOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STIRRUP (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BARREL PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JEWS HARP (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MIRROR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1150 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1247 AD to 1272 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1270 AD to 1400 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1280 AD to 1281 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • DRESS HOOK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1690 AD to 1720 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF8311 E-K; TF8312 A-AF,AP,AQ.
---Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1997. Law bids to save finds for the nation.. 5 August 1997.
---Monograph: Ashley, S. 2002. Medieval Armorial Horse Furniture in Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 101.
---Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 42.
---Archive: Norfolk Monuments Management Project File.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1995. A rare sight of some old-time dough.. 1 August.
---Photograph: 1995. LCR 15-27, Coin hoard..
---Article in Serial: Wade-Martins, P. and Wade, K. 1967. Some Deserted Villages in Norfolk: Notes for Visitors. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 17 pp 2-8. p 6.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in Monograph: Wade-Martins, P., Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 1982. Some Deserted Village Sites in Norfolk: VI. Great Palgrave. Trowse, Horning, Deserted Medieval Villages. East Anglian Arch. No 14. pp 78-83.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2018 Norfolk Historic Environment Service